The reason a criminal is placed under probation is to identify if they are able to change their ways and get back to living peacefully in a society. When on probation the offender is continuously monitored by a probation officer and is required to follow specific orders laid forth by court.
The various conditions set forth may include but are not limited to living in a specific locality, prohibition of handling or owning a firearm, needing to abide by a curfew and need to be employed. The offenders will need to follow orders meticulously and sincerely. They would have to stay away from their victims, be refrained from contacting other criminals, stay away from consumption of alcohol and may also be asked to participate in tests conducted for alcoholism and drugs.
Probation may be issued to a defendant either when they have come to the end of their jail term or when they are in the process of serving jail time. Probation is of different types such as formal and informal probation.