Types of asthma – overview
There are many different classifications for the disease, by severity, underlying cause or the way it is controlled. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Understanding the type you have can help you find the most effective treatment.
Types of asthma:
- Allergic asthma (or bronchial asthma) is one of the most common types of asthma and it may be triggered by allergic rhinitis (or hay fever), different allergens (such as pollen, dust, mold), and also smoke or strong smells.
- Cough-Variant asthma is asthma in which dry cough is the main symptom, and other symptoms may be excluded. The cough exasperates with common triggers.
- Exercise-Induced asthma is triggered by vigorous exercise or strenuous physical activity. Symptoms may be obvious only during exercising, and few minutes after.
- Occupational asthma (or work-related asthma) is caused or triggered by, exposure to various substances in the workplace. These substances may cause an allergic or irritant reaction or a reaction in the body which results in an asthma attack. Types of occupation that may induce asthma include: health care workers, hairdressers, chemical industry workers, animal breeders, farmers, painters, and woodworkers.
- Nighttime asthma (or nocturnal asthma) patients experience more severe symptoms during night time and before bed, which can result in inability to fall asleep and other sleep disturbances. This type may be very dangerous and needs to be treated properly.